Since 1986, the Pierre-de-Luxembourg mansion has been the setting for these collections. The mansion is a city home known as a 'livrée' built in the 14th century for Church dignitaires. Today, the mansion is named after the Cardinal Pierre de Luxembourg, who has been beatified, and who is said to have died in this house in 1387 at the age of 17 years old. In the 17th century, this home was completely redesigned by the architectural workshop of Louis-François des Royers de la Valfenière, a famous Avignon architect. The museum collections are primarily made up of art that has come from former religious establishments in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, in particular the Abbey of Saint-André and the Carthusian monastery, the Chartreuse du Val de Bénédiction. The works in the museum's collections testify to the flourishing artistic past of this city where so many cardinals made their home. Sumptuous works The Ivory Virgin was sculpted in a single elephant tusk by a Parisian artist in the year 1310. This Ivory Virgin is a unique work of art. Its dimensions, the precious material, the beauty of the expressions, the refined detail all add to its exceptional beauty. The Crowning of the Virgin, or Couronnement de la Vierge, is a masterpiece of medieval Western art. The Couronnement de la Vierge was painted by Enguerrand Quarton between April 1453 and September 1454 and is the pride of the museum's collections. Commissioned by the monks and painted for the funerary chapel of the pope who founded the Chartreuse du Val de Bénédiction, the work is spellbinding, through its glowing colours and the organisation of the space which combines in a single image paradise, the world of mankind, limbo, purgatory and hell. Celebrated artists The Carthusian monks commissioned several paintings from the most famous artists of their time. Remarkable works of art from the 16th and 17th centuries add to the collection. Solely the greatest talents, such as Simon de Châlons, Philippe de Champaigne, Nicolas Mignard and Reynaud Levieux were capable of expressing Carthuisan spirituality in their paintings without doing it a disservice.
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